The Senate yesterday passed a bill to establish the Electoral Offences Commission under which anyone caught snatching voting materials during election upon conviction is liable to 20 years imprisonment without an option of a fine.
The passage of the bill was a sequel to the consideration of a report on the bill by the Committee on Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC).
Presenting the report, Chairman of the Senate Committee on INEC, Senator Kabiru Gaya, said the bill became necessary given INEC’s inability to prosecute electoral offenders by the provisions of sections149 and 150(2) of the Electoral Act (as Amended).
“It is unrealistic to expect INEC to conduct a free, fair and credible election and simultaneously prosecute offences arising from the same elections.
“Indeed, INEC has at several occasions admitted that it lacks the wherewithal to cleanse the system. Its failure to prosecute even one per cent 870,000 and over 900,000 alleged electoral Offences in the 2011 and 2015 general elections respectively is an affirmation of the necessity for a paradigm shift on how we deal with electoral offences,” he stated.
According to him, as a result of electoral flaws in the system, three committees namely Justice Uwais Electoral Committee; Sheik Nurudeen Lemu Committee and the Constitution and Electoral Reform Committee were constituted.
He added that the committees in their final reports recommended that for INEC to function efficiently, some of the functions currently performed by it should be assigned to other agencies.
The functions of the commission include investigating electoral offences created in any laws relating to elections in Nigeria; prosecution of electoral offenders and maintaining records of all persons investigated and prosecuted.
Others are to liaise with the Attorney-General of the Federation and government security and law enforcement bodies and agencies in the discharge of its duties; liaise with other bodies within and outside Nigeria involved in the investigation or prosecution of electoral Offences; and adopting measures to prevent, minimise and eradicate electoral offences throughout the federation.
The Senate in clause 12 of the bill approved at least five years imprisonment or a fine of at least N10 million naira or both, for any officer or executives of any association or political party that engages in electoral fraud that contravenes the provisions of clauses 221, 225(1)(2)(3) and (4) and 227 of the 1999 Constitution as amended.
It adopted the committee’s recommendation of 15 years imprisonment for any person involved in ballot box snatching, supplying voter’s cards to persons without due authority, unauthorised printing of voters’ register, illegal printing of ballot paper or electoral document, and importation of any device or mechanism by which ballot paper or results of elections may be extracted, affected or manipulated, and voting at an election when he is not entitled to vote.
It also approved 10 years imprisonment for any person who sells a voter’s card, or in possession of any voter’s card bearing the name of another person, or prepares and prints a document or paper purporting to be a register of voters or a voter’s card.
The Senate also endorsed a term of at least 10 years upon conviction for any elected official who willfully prevents any person from voting at the polling station, willfully rejects or refuses to count any ballot paper validly cast, willfully counts any ballot paper not validly cast, gives false evidence or withholds evidence, and announces or declares a false result at an election.
Clause 20(2) of the bill prescribes at least 15 years’ imprisonment for any judicial officer or officer of a court or tribunal who corruptly perverts electoral justice, during or after an election.
It also gave at least 15 years jail term or N30 million naira fine for any security personnel or election official engaged by the Independent National Electoral Commission or state electoral commission who attempts to influence the outcome of an election.
In addition, any person found to disturb the public peace on election day by playing musical instruments, singing or holding an assembly where a polling station is located shall be guilty of breaching electoral peace and liable to six months imprisonment or a fine of at least N100,000 or both.
Also, any person acting for himself or on behalf of any organisation or political party or candidate or his agent to prejudice the result of an election, damage or defame, in any manner, the character of any candidate in an election or his family member by making, saying, printing, airing or publishing in the print or electronic media false accusation on any matter shall be guilty of serious corrupt practice and liable on conviction to a term of at least 10 years or a fine of N10 million or both.
Any person soliciting or giving votes for or against any political party or candidate at an election, or found to affix campaign materials on any private house, public buildings or structures, or prints posters and banners without the name and address of the political party to which the candidate or person belongs contravenes sub-clause (1) to (5) and guilty of an offence and liable to at least five years or a fine of at least N10 million or both.
The bill prohibits any campaign against national interest and also provides a 20-year jail term without the option of a fine for any person who propagates information that undermines the independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity, or unity of the federation.
Also, any candidate or agent who damages or snatches ballot boxes, ballot papers or election materials before, during and after an election without the permission of the election official in charge of the polling station attracts at least 20 years imprisonment or a fine of at least N40 million.
The Senate approved at least 15 years’ imprisonment for any person who conveys voters to and from the poll; and three years imprisonment for any employee who directly or indirectly exerts undue influence on a voter in his employ.
The upper chamber approved three years and not more than five years imprisonment for any person who provides false information in any material particular to a public officer.
It also approved at least 10 years imprisonment or at least N20 million fine or both for any person who uses hate speech to stir up ethnic, religious or racial hatred, social or political insecurity or violence against anyone or group of persons.
The Senate, during consideration of the INEC Committee report, approved the establishment of the National Electoral Offences Commission.
The commission’s membership consists of a chairman, secretary and representatives from the justice, interior, defence and information ministries.